Egypt Travel Gate

Hagia Sophia



Hagia Sophia

The sheer apex of Byzantine architecture and design, the pre-eminent landmark is remarkable. This massive 6th century building in the old city quarter is the third church to be built at the same location. The first church was built in 360 AD but burnt down in 404, during the reign of Constantine.

The second was erected between the years 404-415, but shared the same fatal destiny as the first one, burning down during the Nika revolt in 532, during the reign of Justinian. After these riots, a new structure (the current one standing) was ordered from two famous architects - Isidorus and Anthemeios.

It was completed and opened to the public on December 26th in 537, on the St. Stephen's day. However, the dome collapsed twenty years later and it had to be rebuilt by the nephew of the first architect. He opened up the dome by giving it 40 windows along its parameter.

The Hagia Sophia has a classical basilica plan. The main ground plan of the building is a rectangle. The main dome is carried on pendentives: four concave triangular sections of masonry which solve the problem of setting the circular base of a dome on a rectangular base. Each pendentive is decorated with a seraphim.

Just outside the entrance, stone cannonballs line the gravel path of the outer courtyard. These are the actual cannonballs used by Mehmet the Conqueror in his victorious 1453 battle for the city. The Islamic calligraphic roundels suspended from the main dome since the 19th century remain in place and make for a fascinating religious contrast with the uncovered Christian mosaics.

Hagia Sophia, the Church of Divine Wisdom, stands as one of the landmarks of the city.

You Might Also Like

  • North Africa Tours

    A tour to North Africa Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco would be an astonishing idea. These travelers are already paying for the high prices of the airlines’ tickets and traveling around the planet, so why not enjoy three destinations in one perfectly organized travel package.

    read more
  • Egypt Tours From UK

    The number of travelers who tour Egypt from the UK increased to 74% in 2017, according to the British Ambassador in Egypt, John Casson. The largest airlines in the UK, Thomas Cook, increased the numbers of flights traveling from the UK to Hurghada as well.

    read more
  • South Africa to Egypt Tour

    Travelers coming from South Africa to visit Egypt may obtain their visas prior to their vacations through internet application. Another way to get the visa is to purchase it from any international airport in Egypt or any of the Egyptian borders.

    read more
  • Singapore Egypt Tour

    Enjoying Egypt tours from Singapore has become quite popular among travelers from this sister country for a long period of times. Travelers coming from Singapore and wish to have a vacation in Egypt, whether luxurious or on limited budget, would surely have a magnificent time in the land of the Nile.

    read more
  • Egypt Tours From Canada

    Many travel agencies organize the best tours to Egypt from Canada. The first advice for Canadians visiting Egypt for vacations is to have a relatively longer stay. Since they are paying for the price of the airlines and traveling long distance, it is really worth it to have a wonderful long holiday in Egypt.

    read more
  • Escorted Tours Egypt

    The reasons are quite plenty! The first is that booking an escorted tour to Egypt would ensure that a reputable travel agency would be organizing your whole trip from A to Z. They would book the hotels for you, organize your transportation, and also have a wonderful visits’ program perfectly tailored.

    read more
  • Egypt Short Breaks

    Other reasons include for having a short break in Egypt to Cairo and Luxor that some tourists might be visiting some of the neighboring destinations like Jordan or Dubai. In the same time, they would like to discover the wonders of Egypt in a shorter visit.

    read more
  • Egypt Private Tours

    Travelers booking private tours to Egypt would enjoy an amazing sense of privacy and intimacy having only their family members, friends, and beloved ones with them during their Egypt private tours. This is surely a factor that is quite fascinating.

    read more
  • Egypt Budget Tours

    Now, would tourists really enjoy a budget tour of Egypt? How cheap can it become? First of all, compared to many other countries, Egypt is rather cheap in everything, especially after the devaluation of the Egyptian pound that reached around 17 EGP for 1 US Dollars.

    read more
  • Cheap Holidays to Egypt

    Many tourists from different regions around the world wonder is there a possibility to enjoy a cheap holidays in Egypt? Can i enjoy a vacation in Egypt without spending a lot of money? . Yes, of course ! First of all, Egypt is a cheaper touristic destination in comparison to many places in region and world.

    read more


Discount Tickets & Deals

Egypt Travel Gate 2018 © Rights Reserved