Memphis, Giza Facts
The ancient city of Memphis Egypt was the political and administrative hub of the country, and nearby Saqqara with its vast number of royal burial sites attests to the significance of the area.
Memphis was founded around 2925 BC by the pharaoh Narmer (Menes) who unified the two lands of Upper and Lower Egypt - thus giving birth to Memphis.
The people in Memphis believed in the local God called Ptah - who was the also the God of creation and workers (the patron of craftsmen) . He was worshipped along with his wife and son.
According to legend related by Manetho, the city was founded by the pharaoh Menes around 3000 BC. Capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom. The city was also at one point referred to as Ankh-Tawy (meaning "Life of the Two Lands").
This name appears to date from the Middle Kingdom, and is frequently found in ancient Egyptian texts. The site of the city is today uninhabited. The closest settlement is the town of Mit Rahina.
The history of Memphis is closely linked to that of the country itself. The ruins of the former capital today offer fragmented evidence of its past. They have been preserved, along with the pyramid complex at Giza.
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