The strategic importance of this Strait has increased nowadays, as it turned to be a crossing point to 90% of the Gulf's oil shipped to all over the world. Governorate of Musandam consists of four wilayats: Khasab. bukha, Daba Al Bayah and Madha. Khasab town is the regional center of the Governorate located 481 kilometers from the capital Muscat.
The Wilayat of Khasab is located in the furthest north of the Governorate of Musandam. It lies between the two Wilayats of Dibba and Bukha, overlooking the Gulf of Oman in the east and the Arabian Sea in the North West. It also overlooks the Straits of Hormuz, the strategic waterway through which 90% of the oil production of the Gulf region passes to the international consumers. This area of the Gulf has a tortuous fjord-like coastline.
There are a number of castles, forts and towers. The castle of Khasab dates back to the beginning of the era of Al Busaid. It was renovated at the beginning of 1990 by the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture. There are many tourist attractions in Al Rouda and Al Khalidiya, in addition to Wadi Khan, Masifah, Hiyut and Khur Najd. There are also a number of bays and gulfs and islands. The most important are Khalij Khasab, Khalij Kamzar, Khalij Shisa, Khur Sham, Khur Al Need, Khur Hablain, Khur Qabl. Khur Ghab and Khur Qadi.
Wilayat Bukha Located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, on the west side of the Wilayat of Khasab it neighbours the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah in the west. It contains approximately 86 villages.
Wilayat Dibba, It is located in the south east of the governorate, to the north and west are mountain ranges linking it to the other parts of the region, in the east is the Gulf of Oman, and in the south the U.A.E. It contains about 114 villages.