Persian princes held it until 1741, when it became the capital of Oman. Dates, dried fish, mother-of-pearl, and frankincense are exported, although much of Muscat's trade has been taken over by neighboring Matrah, which has better land communications.
Muscat became the capital of Oman in 1793, and the focus of the country’s great seafaring empire of the 18th and 19th centuries. Having been party to the control of much of the coast of East Africa, Muscat’s 20th-century descent into international oblivion, under Sultan Said bin Taimur, was all the more poignant.
Known since the early 1st century CE as an important trading port between the west and the east, Muscat was ruled by various indigenous tribes as well as foreign powers such as the Persians and the Portuguese Empire at various points in its history. A regional military power in the 18th century, Muscat's influence extended as far as East Africa and Zanzibar.
As an important port-town in the Gulf of Oman, Muscat attracted foreign tradesmen and settlers such as the Persians, the Balochs and Gujaratis. Since the ascension of Qaboos bin Said as Sultan of Oman in 1970, Muscat has experienced rapid infrastructural development that has led to the growth of a vibrant economy and a multi-ethnic society.
As in other places on the Arabian Peninsula, oil revenues have been used to develop once-poor towns in Oman. Although lack of space has limited Muscat's growth, post-1970 improvements have included a sumptuous royal palace, restoration of historic structures, and a modern infrastructure. More extensive development has been possible in nearby towns because of the greater availability of land along the coastal strip between the capital and the international airport at Sib.
Thus while Muscat had an estimated population of 55,000 in 2003, the nearby city of Ruwi had 112,000 inhabitants as well as much of the capital region's commercial, government, and residential development. Other towns in this region include Matrah, famous for its traditional souk, or market, Darsayt, Qurum, Mandinat Qabus, Ghubra, and Khuwayr.
Related to Muscat
Frequently Asked Questions
Oman is safe to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Oman tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Valid Passport with 6 months validity beyond your travel schedule is a must. Visitors from Uk and EU can obtain visa on arrival for 10 to 30 days at a cost of 5 to 20 Omani Rials. All visitors must show proof of onward or return ticket upon applying for their visa.
Arabic is the official language, fewer Omani people can speak Italian, Spanish, and German. Professionals in the tourism sector are accustomed to visitors who cannot speak Arabic.
Oman is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
Being one of the leading players in travel industry since 1955, we offer a wide range of Oman packages. Ensuring that your Oman tour with us would be a lifetime experience with flexible Oman tour itineraries, competitive prices, excellent customer service and multiple payment facilities. If you plan a tour to Oman, here is the place you better look in. Whatever your Oman travel plans, you will find range of Oman holiday packages. Whether you plan for tour packages to Oman for small group, singles, solo traveler, private, family or a couple, whether you need escorted Oman tour packages for your parents or an unusual Oman holidays and package for yourself, we can help you to tailor your holiday in Oman as we offer many tour packages to Oman with prices starting from 300 Usd. Uncover a set of Oman holiday itineraries and pick from best Oman travel packages with flights and without. Remeber to add more activities to your choosen Oman tours and packages, we also categorize holiday packages to Oman by topic to find your suitable interest. Whether you look for adventure Oman packages or romantic vacations in Oman, you will find it here. Being short trip to Oman or long stay Oman holiday we have the right Oman vacation packages for you to select from. Planning Oman cheap tours or luxury holiday in Oman? browse our collection of vacation packages to Oman to indulge you on your Oman vacations and package at your desired budget. Browse Oman Packages from Usa, Uk, Canada, Austraia, India, Europe, Aisa and Africa. Get prepared for your Oman vacation reading our tips about the best time to visit Oman, Oman tourism & things to do in Oman.
The currency in Oman is the Omani rial, it is about 2.60 to USD. Money exchange is widely available and Credit cards are largely used.
Oman enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Oman is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.