It is an important center for commerce where Arabian incense, Chinese silks, and Indian spices were traded. It is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.
Petra had a sophisticated system for providing water to the arid region. It lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba.
Petra, Jordan was lost to the Western World from about the 14th century until the early 19th century. Petra, Jordan was also named one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Petra declined rapidly under Roman rule, in large part from the revision of sea-based trade routes. In 363 an earthquake destroyed many buildings, and crippled the vital water management system.
The ruins of Petra were an object of curiosity in the middle Ages and were visited by Sultan Baibars of Egypt towards the end of the 13th century. Because the structures weakened with age, many of the tombs became vulnerable to thieves, and many treasures were stolen.
Inside the site, several artisans from the town of Wadi Musa and a nearby Bedouin settlement have set up small stalls selling local handicrafts, such as pottery and Bedouin jewellery, and bottles of striated multi-colored sands from the area. The Bedouin women living in the vicinity of Petra and under the leadership of Sheik Khallil's wife were recruited to fight in the defense of the city. The defenders were able to completely devastate the Turkish/German forces.
In 2006 the design of a Visitor Centre began. Petra, the world wonder, is without a doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction as The Treasury - Al Khazneh, High Place of Sacrifice, Street of Facades, Obelisk Tomb, Temple of the Winged Lions, Palace Tomb and Silk Tomb.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Jordan is safe to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Jordan tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Valid Passport with 6 months validity beyond your travel schedule is a must. All Visitors to Jordan that are not citizens of Turkey or certain Arab countries are required to have a visa to enter Jordan.
Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but JJordanians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Jordanians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Jordanians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Jordan is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
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The ancient rose red city of Petra; UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the Seven Wonders of the World, enjoy wandering the Royal tombs, Siq entrance and Treasury. The ruined Roman city; beautiful temples, architecture obelisks, sacrificial altars and colonnaded streets. Wadi Rum; night camping at the inspiring natural beauty of the desert. Jerash; reminiscent ancient city of the Roman Empire. Madaba; Early Christian mosaics. Mount Nebo, the memorial of Moses and float in the salty Dead Sea.
The currency in Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar, it is about 0.71 to USD. Money exchange is widely available and Credit cards are largely used.
Jordan enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Jordan is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.