Inventions by Ancient Egypt Overview
The ancient Egyptian civilization which emerged more than 5000 years ago resulted in many various inventions in different fields of life. Today we would be highlighting some of the most remarkable inventions of ancient Egypt.
In ancient times, some problems emerged concerning the payment of taxes. There weren’t exact days when citizens would pay their taxes. This is in addition to the need to recognize the timings of the Nile flood to avoid any problems in this regard. This motivated the ancient Egyptians to create the first calendar in human history.
The Pharaonic calendar included 370 days. Soon afterwards, the calendar had 365 days with days to be added to other years which was later known as the leap year.The ancient Egyptians realized that the Nile floods occur in a certain time every year. The also noticed that the Nile flood is escorted by the appearance of a certain star over the temple that was located in Eastern Cairo today. This enabled them to create the first calendar ever in history.
Agriculture was in fact the backbone of the ancient Egyptian civilization. This is why the Pharaohs gave special attention to agriculture, its equipment, and tools. This is the reason why they invented the first plow in history. It used to consist of a large curved piece of stick from below. Metal and rock pieces were added to the stick in order to plow the lands properly and increase their harvests.
Pencils and Papers
The Pharaohs used to document important matters on the walls of their temples. They also used to carve the royal decrees on rocks so the commons would read them. However, they desired a simpler way to write.
Therefore, they invented a pencil that was made out of wickers that used to grow near the Nile. They also discovered that the ink would dry inside these pencils. This is why they began using a feather in writing, something that prevailed all over the world until the 19th century. The Pharaohs also invented the papyrus papers that they used to write their important matters.
Ancient Egyptians are the first to invent toothpastes more than 4500 years ago. The Pharaohs realized the importance of preserving their teeth. This is why they invented various types of toothpastes. Some of them were made out of rock salt, ashes, egg peel, some flowers and dried mint.
Various pieces of furniture
The ancient Egyptians were always keen to achieve progress in their lives and to make it easier and more comfortable. This is why they invented a bed that science today proved would be the healthier and most comfortable. With its exact diagonal curve and head piece, doctors began using this bed in hospitals all over the world. The ancient Egyptians even invented a portable bed to be taken in journeys and trips.
The Pharaohs also invented the first type of chairs. They realized that people should not wake up and start walking or standing up. This is why they positioned the chair beside the bed.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.
Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).
Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.
Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera, some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.
Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.
There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.
We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.
Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.
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In Cairo, visit the Egyptian Museum, Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, Khan El Khalili Bazaar and relish a walking tour on foot in Old Cairo. In Luxor visit the impressive Luxor temple, Hatshepsut temple, Valley of the Kings and Karnak temple. Aswan tours go to Philae Temple, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Abu Simbel temples. Uncover the Western Desert oases like Siwa and Bahariya. Diving or snorkeling in the magic waters of Red Sea and Sinai beaches like Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Taba, Hurghada and Marsa Alam to explore the magic of the underwater world. Board a Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan or vise versa, Lake Nasser Cruise from Aswan to Abu Simbel or vise versa and Cruise from Cairo to Aswan or vise versa.