Ancient Egyptian Flowers Overview
Roses were wrapped around lotus sticks and presented to the loved ones. In various occasions, like during the Easter, the man used to give his wife roses at the beginning of the festivals.
The inhabitants of Luxor, or ancient Thebes, were, for example, quite fond of flowers which played a significant role in their lives. Moreover, the Lotus flower was the symbol of the country. The ancient tombs of Luxor have many wall paintings were the ancient Egyptians showed love and respect to the Lotus flower. Moreover, in the Pharaonic temples of ancient Egypt, the Lotus flower was a main component of many stone capital of the pillars of various temples.
The ancient Egyptians cultivated various roses and flowers in their gardens and even in smaller places at home. They even used to offer their guests different wonderful flowers. They used to present as part of the offerings to god and on the tombs of their loved ones. Even the ancient Egyptian mummies used to be surrounded with flower wreaths.
The types of plants and flowers grown in ancient Egypt included Cornflowers, Daisies, Water Lily, Jasmine, Myrtle, Roses, Mandrakes, Lynchpins, Ivy, Celosia, Narcissus, Mignonettes, Poppies, Lotus, Papyrus, Amber, Pomegranate and Blackberry. These flowers can be witnessed in the tombs dating back to the reign of the New Kingdom, from 1580 till 1085 BC.
Historical records also noted the Priest, Meri Ra, who lived during the ruling period of King Akhenaton, from 1379 till 1362 had a huge garden with many trees and flowers. He also had some cotton plants. However, the Egyptians used cotton for decorations as they preferred flax for their clothes.
Moreover, King Ramses III established a group of large gardens in ancient Thebes in the second half of the 12th century BC with many lotus, Jasmin, and papyrus flowers and trees.
Each temple in ancient Egypt used to have a sacred garden with holy trees and flowers. The priests used to plant flowers in pots made out of pottery. The Pharaohs were the first to position seedlings in pots to take care of them.
The ancient Egyptian women as well gave special attention to various roses and flowers. They used to position Lotus flowers on their foreheads. They also used to present flowers as gifts to their neighbors. Flowers also had some geographical symbols. The Lotus was the symbol of Upper Egypt, while the papyrus was the symbol of Lower Egypt.
The religious festivals of ancient Egypt were full of flowers and roses. They even produced tiles with flowers’ shapes like blue and white lotus, amber, and poppies. These tiles began their productions during the ruling period of the New Kingdom from 1580 till 1085. This is apparent from the collections and the belongings like those of Tut Ankh Amun as the king and his wife were represented in many occasions enjoying flowers.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.
Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).
Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.
Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera, some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.
Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.
There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.
We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.
Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.
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In Cairo, visit the Egyptian Museum, Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, Khan El Khalili Bazaar and relish a walking tour on foot in Old Cairo. In Luxor visit the impressive Luxor temple, Hatshepsut temple, Valley of the Kings and Karnak temple. Aswan tours go to Philae Temple, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Abu Simbel temples. Uncover the Western Desert oases like Siwa and Bahariya. Diving or snorkeling in the magic waters of Red Sea and Sinai beaches like Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Taba, Hurghada and Marsa Alam to explore the magic of the underwater world. Board a Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan or vise versa, Lake Nasser Cruise from Aswan to Abu Simbel or vise versa and Cruise from Cairo to Aswan or vise versa.