Ancient Egypt Medicines Overview
Physicians had a great stature among the ancient Egyptian society. The success of these ancient Egyptian physicians encouraged many rulers and kings from other civilizations to call upon them for their help in the curing of various diseases.
Amenhotep was the first physician in human history. He used to live in the reign of the 3rd dynasty more than 5000 years ago. Egyptians were skilled and talented in dealing with various diseases.
The process of mummification assisted the Pharaohs to understand the human body and the functions of various organs. Historical records prove that the ancient Egyptian physicians were able to understand the functions of various organs like the heart, kidneys, pancreas, stomach, lungs, and many more.
The medical practices of the ancient Egyptians enabled them to recognize where in the human body to cut inside to reach infected organs. With a small hole in the left hand side of the abdomen, the ancient Egyptians were able to take out all the organs of the deceased as one of the steps of the mummification process.
Fossils found in the tombs of the builders of the Giza Pyramids showed how brilliant the ancient Egyptians in terms of medicine. More than 4500 years ago, the Pharaonic doctors and surgeons used to cut infected legs or hands perfectly causing no damage to any other body organs. It is quite impressive to know that there was a medical team that used to accompany the builders of the Great pyramids in Giza all the time.
A papyrus paper that dates to the 17th century BC revealed how the ancient Egyptians were skilled in various surgeries like head, neck, shoulders, and chest surgeries. This papyrus showed how the Pharaonic physicians dealt with more than 48 cases of surgeries. Historians believe that the rest of this papyrus included how the ancient Egyptians managed all types of surgeries.
Another papyrus that dates back to the 19th century BC, during the ruling period of King Amenemhat III in 1825 addressed the ancient Egyptians managed obstetrics and gynecology cases.
There is also the Ebers Papyrus, named after George Ebers who was able to translate and understand it. This is considered the most ancient medical papyrus of all time. It dates to 3000 years BC. This famous papyrus mentioned more than 400 medicines and 877 methods of treatment of various diseases.
The ancient Egyptians also had many medical prescriptions of their own. They used to benefit from various plants and herbs to treat many various cases.When patients, for example, complain about problems in their stomach or digestive system, the ancient Egyptian physicians used Aniseeds to solve these problems.
Doctors in ancient Egypt used to treat ulcers as well. They used lichens to treat vomiting and stomach problems. They used lichens to treat other kidney and intestines’ problems as well.
In order to treat hypertension, the ancient Egyptian physicians advise their patients to drink hibiscus which was also used as a pain killer. Flax seeds were used to treat injuries and ulcers.
The physicians in the period of the Pharaohs were skilled to deal with more complicated medical conditions like diabetes. They used onions to regulate the sugar levels in the blood. For the treatment of burns and wounds, they used cactus to cure these problems.
For the treatment of chest and skin diseases, the ancient Egyptian physicians resorted to figs that were used as a cream to be put on the injured areas of the body. Fig was also used to treat heart and chest conditions as well.
Combined Egypt Tours 2020
Related to Ancient Egypt Medicines
Ancient Egypt Medicines FAQs
Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.
Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).
Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.
Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera, some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.
Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.
There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.
We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.
Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.