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Battle of Kadesh

Battle of Kadesh Ramses II | Consequences of The Battle of Kadesh


Battle of Kadesh Overview

The two parties fighting were the Egyptian army led by Ramses II, the most renowned builder of ancient Egypt and the Hittites. The battle took place in the city of Kadesh that was located near the Orontes River in Syria.

The Egyptian authority over Asia minor witnessed a recess at the end of the ruling period of the 18th dynasty. With many domestic disturbances that followed the religious revolution led by Ikhnaton, the Hittites took advantage of that and took control of several Egyptian territories in Asia Minor.  

When Akhenaton passed away, Hor Moheb, the army leader at the time became the king of Egypt. He was able to restore the local stature, but he wasn’t capable of regaining the lands occupied by the Hittites. Ramses I took control after him establishing the 19th dynasty.

Many Pharaohs from the 19th dynasty carried out military campaigns against the Hittites with some remarkable results. However, Ramses II, during the fifth year of his reign, led his army in a harsh war against the Hittites. Both parties faced each other’s in Kadesh.

After severe battles between the two armies, Ramses II was not able to defeat the Hittites and they were not capable of achieving any progress as well. Historical records, nevertheless including the wall inscriptions in various ancient Egyptian temples like the Karnak, Ramssium, and Abu Simble noted that Ramses had a great victory over the Hittites in Kadesh. 

On the other hand, Muwatalli II, the king of the Hittites at the time asserted, through his records, that he had a great victory over the Egyptians. In fact, after the battle of Kadesh, Ramses went on regaining control over large parts of Asia. At this point in time, the Assyrians’ powers began increasing and started threating both the Egyptian and the Hittites territories.

This led to the signing of the first peace treaty in the history of mankind between the Pharaohs and the Hittites. This was in 1258 between Ramses and the King of the Hittites to respect the sovereignty of each other’s. The treaty was carved both in the hieroglyphic language.

It was written on a board made out of silver. However, unfortunately, it was lost throughout time. Nevertheless, it is still considered the first peace treaty to be recorded in human history.

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Battle of Kadesh FAQs

Is Egypt safe to travel?

Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.

What to wear when visiting Egypt?

There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.

How to get visa to Egypt
Visitors to Egypt must obtain a visa from one of the Egyptian diplomatic missions or apply and pay online for one month visa to Egypt through Egypt E-Visa Portal. Valid Passport with 6 months validity beyond your travel schedule is a must, visitors from Australia, Canada, Croatia, European Union, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Macedonia, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Ukraine, United Kingdom and United States can purchase a one month visa upon arrival.
What language is spoken in Egypt?

Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.

What airlines fly to Egypt?

Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.

What is the duty free allowance for Egypt?

Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).

What time does the Pyramid open?

Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.

What are the opening hours for shops in Egypt?

Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.

Can non Muslim go inside mosque in Egypt?

Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.

Can you take pictures in Egypt?

Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera,  some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.

What type of hotels are there in Egypt? check-in time?

Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.

Do you need any vaccinations to go to Egypt?

There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.

What currency is used in Egypt?

The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.

How to get around in Egypt?

We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.

How much to tip in Egypt?

Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.



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