New Kingdom of Egypt Overview
When Kamose and Ahmose defeated the Hyksos and regained the unification of Egypt once again, the New Kingdom era began. This is considered by many as the golden age of ancient Egypt.
After getting rid of the Hyksos, the kings of the New Kingdom began consecutive military campaigns in the North and the South. In the North the Egyptian armies reached as far as the Euphrates River. While in the South, the Egyptian forces were able to control all over Nubia.
All the revenues of these successful military campaigns were used to construct breathtaking establishments in Thebes and all around it. A great example is the huge Temple of Karnak, the cult of the worship of the god Amun. Several successive Pharaohs had their own contributions added to this great complex of temples.
At the same period of time, the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom began constructing huge funerary establishments in the West Bank of Thebes. The great examples include the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, the Temple of Madinet Habu, and the Ramssium.
Ahmose, the founder of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt, as many historian’s assert, was a great warrior. His son, Amenhotep I followed the steps of his father and took control of massive lands in Nubia.
Afterwards, began the succession of what scholars named the Tuthmosis kings. These were sons born to minor wives of the kings but managed to reach the throne.
When Tuthmosis II passed away, his wife, Queen Hatshepsut became the first queen to rule over Egypt. She was even portrayed in many occasions as a Pharaoh with beards. The successor of Hatshepsut was Tuthmosis III, who was famous all over history by his nickname; Napoleon of the Pharaohs.
Tuthmosis III was one of the most successful warriors and army leaders in ancient Egypt. He was able to conquer Asia minor and regain the Egyptian power over the area over the Euphrates River.
All these military achievements resulted in more civilization and wealth. This was reflected in marvelous buildings. There are for example the Temple of Abu Simble, the Temple of Luxor, and many other magnificent structures that remained until today as evidences of the greatness of the rulers of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt.
Becouse of the increasing power of the priests of Amun who dominated Thebes and divided the country between their rule and the pharaoh's. The New Kingdom in Ancient Egypt for that absene of the central government entered the the Third Intermediate Period with a steady decline in power that caused the Persian invasion of Egypt in 525 BCE.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.
There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.
Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.
Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).
Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.
Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.
Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.
Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera, some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.
Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.
There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.
We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.
Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.
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In Cairo, visit the Egyptian Museum, Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, Khan El Khalili Bazaar and relish a walking tour on foot in Old Cairo. In Luxor visit the impressive Luxor temple, Hatshepsut temple, Valley of the Kings and Karnak temple. Aswan tours go to Philae Temple, Edfu, Kom Ombo and Abu Simbel temples. Uncover the Western Desert oases like Siwa and Bahariya. Diving or snorkeling in the magic waters of Red Sea and Sinai beaches like Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Taba, Hurghada and Marsa Alam to explore the magic of the underwater world. Board a Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan or vise versa, Lake Nasser Cruise from Aswan to Abu Simbel or vise versa and Cruise from Cairo to Aswan or vise versa.