--> Facts About the Old Kingdom of Egypt
Egypt Travel Gate

Old Kingdom of Egypt

Old Kingdom of Egypt


Old Kingdom of Egypt

When Menes unified Egypt under his leadership more than 5000 years ago, he established the very first capital of unified Egypt. This was Memphis that is located near the Giza Pyramids today.

Menes also founded the first dynasty of the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt. In fact, the seat of the power of the Old Kingdom was in Memphis. The location of Memphis was quite strategic. It was situated at the edge of the beginning of the Egyptian Nile Delta. It was featured with being near Upper Egypt as well.

At the early period of the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt, the kings chose Abydos as their burial and funeral site. This was to reflect their Southern loyalty and origins. Afterwards, the kings started burring their beloved ones in Saqqara, one of the richest archeological sites in Egypt today. At this period of the Egyptian history, the kind was the incarnation of godHorus and he was buried near his divine power.

The kings of the Old Kingdom managed to preserve the sovereignty of Egypt and protect the country against any outer invasions. They established a large country with 42 provinces. These districts were managed following one of the most ancient forms of bureaucracy.

Taxations resulted in a great wealth and treasures. The organized governmental system of ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom made it possible to have great massive structures like the pyramids. This is why the rulers of the Old Kingdom were called the Pyramids’ builders. The most famous pyramids builders included Djoser, Senfru, Cheops, and Khafre. Moreover, these great national projects contributed to the unification of the whole nation towards achieving an objective.

Senfru, the father of Cheops, the builder of the Grand Pyramid in Giza, had three great pyramids built. There is his red pyramid in Dahshur, which is the second largest in Egypt. He also constructed the famous bent pyramid in Dahshur as well.

With the huge amount of resources needed to build the pyramids and with some poor harvest seasons, all of these reasons resulted in a relative decline in the royal power. This was reflected on the smaller rather weaker pyramids constructed in the coming periods of time. The long ruling period of Kind Pepi I, from 2278 till 2184 made it even worse for the whole nation.

After a long period of wealth, great architectural achievements including the Giza Pyramids, the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt witnessed a decline that led to the first intermediate period of the Pharaonic ear. During this period, the central power of the king and the royal family was altered. Local rulers began gaining more control over large areas of lands.

You May Also Like

  • Ancient Egypt Symbols

    There were several symbols in ancient Egypt that survived until today. Need to know ancient Egyptian symbols meanings? What kind of symbols were important?. Learn the meaning and uses of Ankh, Lotus Flower and other ancient Egypt symbols.

    Read More
  • New Kingdom of Egypt

    The New Kingdom is considered as the golden age of ancient Egypt. What happened in Egypt New Kingdom? What caused the New Kingdom to fall?. Here is a summary of the new kingdom Egypt facts, pharaohs and timeline.

    Read More
  • Hyksos Invasion

    During the 15th dynasty, "Hyksos" people from Syria and Palestine emigrated to Egypt Delta. How was Egypt before the Hyksos invasion? what made the Hyksos invasion successful?. Learn about Hyksos invasion ancient Egypt facts and timeline.

    Read More
  • The Middle Kingdom of Egypt

    When Montuhotep II defeated the scattered kingdoms of Northern Egypt, he unified Egypt and started the Middle Kingdom. How long the Middle Kingdom of Egypt? How did it end? What was it known for?. Know the definition, events and achievements of Middle kingdom in Egypt.

    Read More
  • The First Intermediate Period

    The first intermediate period marks an important milestone in the ancient Egyptian history. What happened in The First Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt?. Read Facts, rulers and the timeline of The First Intermediate Period of the Ancient Egyptian History.

    Read More
  • Battle of Kadesh

    The battle of Kadesh 1274 Bc is one of the most famous wars in ancient Egypt. Read the facts of The battle of Kadesh Ramses II casualties, consequences and the treaty of Kadesh text.

    Read More
  • Flowers in Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egyptians always gave special care to roses and flowers, they used to give it to one another in various occasions. Uncover how were Flowers in ancient Egypt history, culture, flowers used and flowers Worshiped in Ancient Egypt.

    Read More
  • Ancient Egypt Medicines

    Medicine has largely and impressively flourished in ancient Egypt, ancient Egyptians were the first to know medicine and anatomy. Uncover Facts about ancient Egypt medicines history, medicine recipes, herbs, medical practices and medicines in ancient Egypt.

    Read More
  • Ancient Egypt Music

    Music played an important role in the lives of Egyptians since ancient times. What did ancient Egyptian music sound like?. Read facts About ancient Egypt music, ancient Egypt musicians and musical instruments in Ancient Egypt.

    Read More
  • Jewelry in Ancient Egypt

    In a civilization full of wealth and treasures like ancient Egypt, Jewelry was treasured for its beauty and power. Why Did Ancient Egypt Wear Jewelry?. Uncover Facts of Ancient Egyptian Jewelry Making, The Religious and Symbolic Significance of Jewelry in Ancient Egypt.

    Read More
  • Inventions by Ancient Egypt

    The Pharaohs or the ancient Egyptians created a civilization that still astonishes the whole world until today. Here We Talk About The Inventions by Ancient Egypt, Ancient Inventions of Egypt and What Inventions Did Ancient Egypt Make.

    Read More
  • Houses in Ancient Egypt

    Housing has always been among the most important needs of humans. Explore Types of Houses in Ancient Egypt, Know How Did Houses Look Like, Ancient Egyptian House Model and Quick Facts About Houses and Homes in Ancient Egypt.

    Read More
  • Ancient Food in Egypt

    Uncover the Ancient Food of Egypt and Know the Ancient Food in Egypt. Learn About The Eating Habits, God’s Offerings, Poor and Reach Ancient Egypt Food and Drink. Food is among the most important elements of anyone’s life, same applies to ancient Egyptians.

    Read More
  • Clothes in Ancient Egypt

    What clothes did they wear in ancient Egypt?. What are the clothes Worn in ancient Egypt?. The ancient Egyptians had a civilization that is considered quite unique. This is in terms of many various aspects. Clothes and outfits are among them.

    Read More
  • Old Kingdom of Egypt

    The period of the Old Kingdom of Egypt marks a very important stage in the ancient Egyptian history. This was the establishment of the dynasties period. Read Facts of the old kingdom in Egypt timeline, pharaohs and history.

    Read More


Discount Tickets & Deals

Egypt Travel Gate 2018 © Rights Reserved