Alexandria City Facts
Its ambiance and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is only 225 km. from Cairo.
It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Graco-Roman Egypt; its status as a beacon of culture is symbolized by Pharos, the legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Ancient Alexandria was best known for its Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its library (the largest library in the ancient world); and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.
Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty. The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) was built in the third century BC by Ptolemy I on the island of Pharos.
The height of the lighthouse was between 115 and 150 meters, so it was among the highest structures in the world, second only to the Great Pyramids. The Library of Alexandria was the largest library of the ancient world and the place where great philosophers and scientists of that age came to seek knowledge.
Citadel of Qaitbay from 9AM-4PM. One of the icons of the city at a beautiful location, the fortress overlooks the Mediterranean Sea and the city itself. Kom el-Shouqafa is the oldest part of Alexandria that predates Alexander the Great.
Roman Amphitheatre or Roman Theatre is located in the central region of Alexandria city at Kom el-Dikka, which is almost in the centre of the city of Alexandria, Egypt bordered by Horrya street from the north, Nabi Daniel street from the west, Abdel Moneim street from the south, and Saphia Zaghloul street from the east.
Montazah Palace, Pompey's Pillar, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Presidential Palace all sights of Alexandria. Today's Alexandria is a dusty seaside Egyptian town with an over-inflated population of 5 million. Alexandria has a Mediterranean climate, with warm humid summers and mild rainy winters.
Since the 19th century Alexandria has played a new role, as a focus for Egypt's commercial and maritime expansion. This Alexandria has been immortalized by writers such as E.M. Forster and Cavafy. Generations of immigrants from Greece, Italy and the Levant settled here and made the city synonymous with commerce, cosmopolitanism and bohemian culture; Lawrence Durrell described it as "The capital city of Asiatic Europe, if such a thing could exist".
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