Egypt Travel Gate

Al Fayoum



Al Fayoum Overview

The Fayoum is a wonderful area of Egypt with a rich and interesting history. El Fayum is one of the governors in the north-west of Egypt about 90 km from Cairo. Wadi El Hitan, Maidum Pyramid, Tunis Village, Gabal El Medawara, Wadi El Rayan, Lake Qaroun are the most popular attractions in the city.

El Fayum is renowned for its fertile land, fascinating tourist attractions that date back to ancient Egyptian time and its great history. The name of "El Fayum" comes from the Coptic word 'Phiom' , which means lake or sea since it was enclosing a sea in the Prehistoric period. Ptolemy II (Philadelophos) gave El Fayoum the name 'Philadelphia' .

El Fauoum is also renowned for its Fayimian and Meorian Cultures that date back to the 5500 to 4000 BC. People of these cultures were sedentary and knew methods of agriculture and pottery making. With the climatic changes, around 4000 BC people began to abandon Fayoum and migrate to the Nile Valley, getting in contact with the people of Maadi Culture.

However, El Fayoum remained a savage site for hunting and extracting mining salts. This is why it hosts many interesting monuments like the pyramids of  Hawara, Lahun, and Lisht, the ancient city of Karanis, Madinet Madi, and the protected area of Wadi Al Rayan.

Although the Fayoum hosts many monuments, including a number of unique pyramids, that were established starting from the reign of the Pharos and ending with the period of the Ottomans, a great number of tourists miss it and do not have the chance to visit it.

Today the Oasis, with its lakes and sanctuaries, pristine desert areas (which includes fossil remains of world importance such as Wadi El-rayan and the valley of the whales and various cultural sites, plus the rural quietude, forms an amazing and unique site of adventure, and beautiful scenery. Qasr Qarun, Qaitbay Mosque, Hanging Mosque,  Lahun Pyramids, Hawara, Wadi Rayan.

Wadi Elrayan, the largest waterfalls in Egypt, around 50 km (31 mi) from the city. The Obelisk of Senusret: It consists of a tall bar of granite that is 13 meters long and it has a round shape top. The obelisk contains a hall to install a crown or a statue of the king.

Al Fayoum Similar to the Oasis, where the desert is surrounded on all sides except the point of contact with the Nile. the desert representing 62% of its area is rich in flora , formations of geological , mountains , desert , eyes natural , birds , animals rare wildlife .

Fayoum oasis is an important Eco tourism site in Egypt for bird watching fans and scientists. It is also a common weekend destination for Egyptian families especially who live in Cairo. It is just hour and half drive by car and offers a perfect weekend visit with its amazing nature varies between the national parks, waterfalls, lake, green fields and desert.

Tour operators and travel agents run a full day guided tour to El Fayoum for tourists and expats living in Cairo. Tours are commonly go to Wadi El rayan, Qaroon Lake and Wadi Hitan "Whales Valley" with national park tickets, lunch and return transfers included.

Al Fayoum Tours

  • Nile Cruise From Cairo to Aswan

    Nile Cruise From Cairo to Aswan

    Experience Long Nile Cruise Cairo to Aswan Onbaord Darakum Nile Cruise. Book Cairo to Aswan Nile Cruise Itinerary 15 Days Long Nile Cruise Program, 14 Nights Best Nile River Cruise Cairo to Aswan Tour. Get Your Nile Cruise From Cairo to Aswan Offer Now!

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  • Aswan to Cairo Cruise

    Aswan to Cairo Cruise

    Boat Down The Nile Onbaord Movenpick Ms Darakum Nile Cruise. Book Aswan to Cairo Nile Cruise Itinerary 14 Days the Long Nile Cruise Package, 13 Nights Best Aswan Cairo Cruise Holiday. Get Your Nile Cruise Aswan to Cairo Deal Now!

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  • Cairo to Luxor Nile Cruise

    Cairo to Luxor Nile Cruise

    Cruise Nile Cairo Luxor Onbaord Mövenpick Ms Darakum Cruise. Book Egypt Nile Cruise Cairo to Luxor Itinerary 13 Days Long Nile River Cruises Package, 12 Nights Best Cruise Cairo Luxor Holiday. Get Your Cairo to Luxor Nile Cruise Deal Now!

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  • Luxor to Cairo Cruise

    Luxor to Cairo Cruise

    Cruise Up The Nile Onbaord Ms Darakum Nile Cruise. Book Luxor to Cairo Nile Cruise Itinerary 11 Days Long Nile Cruise Package, 10 Nights Best Luxor Cairo Cruise Vacation. Get Your Nile Cruise Luxor to Cairo Deal Now!

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  • Day Trip to El Fayoum Oasis From Cairo

    Day Trip to El Fayoum Oasis From Cairo

    Book El Fayoum Day Tour From Cairo. Escorted Fayoum Trips to Fayoum Waterwheels, Qaroon Lake and Wadi Al Rayan in Private Day Trip to El Fayoum Oasis From Cairo. Fayoum Oasis is one of Many Egypt Attractions and Landmarks to Explore From Cairo.

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Related to Al Fayoum

  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Wadi El Rayan

    Wadi El Rayan

    42km protected area below sea level & 65 km southwest Faiyum city about 2 hours drive from the Western Desert. Wadi El Rayyan national reserve covers an area of 1759 km2 and designated a national park in 2005. Consists of 2 man made lakes joint by channel and waterfall.

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Wadi Hitan Park

    Wadi Hitan Park

    Whales Valley is 60 km south of Wadi EL Rayan in Fayoum oasis 150 km from Cairo. Wadi Hitan is an open air museum dates back to 45 million years, discovered in 1936, announced in 2005 by UNESCO as world heritage site.

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    Al Minya

    Ikhnaton capital 1390 BC, 245 km south of Cairo halfway between Cairo and Luxor. El Minya covers an area of 32,279 sq with 4 million population. Named after King Khufu (the nursing city of Khufu), home to various archeological sites like Beni Hasaan & Tel Amarana.

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    Beni Hasan

    Egyptian archaeological site carved into limestone tombs 20 Km south of El Minya, 245 Km south of Cairo Egypt. It consists of 39 tombs with daily life scenes for the military ‎leaders and local rulers of the XII dynasty Middle Kingdom between 2055 until 1650 BC.

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    Tel El Amarna

    The Capital of Ikhnaton, 100 km on the east bank of the Nile near Asyut Egypt. Built 1348 BC by Amenhotep IV to be his capital devoted to god Aton. Uncover The Ruins at Tel El Amarna Egypt. Facts About Tel El Amarna Tablets, Letters, Tombs on Map & What to Visit in Tell El Amarna.

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    Pompey's Pillar

    Pompey's Pillar is the biggest memorial column in Egypt. It is 25 meter tall structure of granite, completed in 292 AD and was dedicated to the Emperor Diocletian. Uncover Facts About Serapeum Pompey's Pillar Alexandria History, Plan and Architecture.

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Qaitbay Citadel

    Qaitbay Citadel

    The Citadel of Qaitbay ‎is a 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean Sea coast in Alexandria Egypt. The Castle of Qaitbay, also known as (Quaitbay Citadel) is very impressive defensive stronghold in both its size and design.

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa

    Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa

    the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa or Alexandria's catacombs, are short distance southwest of the Pompey pillar in Alexandria Egypt. The Catacombs means underground tunnels, it is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the middle Ages.

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Abu Simbel Temples

    Abu Simbel Temples

    Abu Simbel, site of two temples built by the king Ramses II, located in Aswān Egypt. It is generally considered the grandest of temples commissioned during the reign of Rameses II, one of the most beautiful and among the most interesting Pharaonic Temples.

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Amada Temple

    Amada Temple

    Amada Temple in Nubia, though small, contains some important historical inscriptions and is also significant as the oldest of the Lake Nasser temples. It was built on the orders of Tuthmosis III and his son, Amenhotep II during Egypt's New Kingdom 18th Dynasty.

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    Aswan Egypt

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    Citadel of Kasr Ibrim

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    Philae Temple

    One of the main sites visited by almost every tour to Egypt, Philae is actually a nonexistent island now buried beneath Lake Nasser and the previous site of an Ancient Egyptian temple complex in southern Egypt.

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    Dakka Temple

    The temple of Dakka, dedicated to Thoth of the Sycamore Fig, was originally located about 100 kilometers south of the Aswan High Dam in what we refer to today as Nubia, though much of that ancient land is covered by Lake Nasser.

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    Aswan High Dam

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  • People Who Viewed Al Fayoum Were Also Interested in Unfinished Obelisk

    Unfinished Obelisk

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    Wadi El Seboua

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    Luxor Temple

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is Egypt safe to travel?

Egypt is safe country to visit with notable low crime rate, tourist attractions are well secured and there is no common negative attitude towards foreigners, with some sensible precautions and preparations you will feel at home and as safe as you'll ever be.

What to wear when visiting Egypt?

There is no special dress code when visiting Egypt tourist sites, modest dress is recommended in less tourist sites and there is no special concern for women traveling alone.

How to get visa to Egypt
Visitors to Egypt must obtain a visa from one of the Egyptian diplomatic missions or apply and pay online for one month visa to Egypt through Egypt E-Visa Portal. Valid Passport with 6 months validity beyond your travel schedule is a must, visitors from Australia, Canada, Croatia, European Union, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Macedonia, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Ukraine, United Kingdom and United States can purchase a one month visa upon arrival.
What language is spoken in Egypt?

Egyptian Arabic is the most commonly spoken language in Egypt, it is also the national language in the country but Egyptians speak and understand English as they study it in school. Fewer Egyptians can speak other languages like French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Egyptians working in tourism sector are accustomed to speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of most travelers.

What airlines fly to Egypt?

Egypt is very connected to the world, it has many direct flights with Africa, Asia, European Union and United States. Visit Cairo Airport website for a full list of Airlines that fly to Egypt.

What is the duty free allowance for Egypt?

Duty free allowances on arrival to Egypt are 1L alcohol, 1L perfume, and either 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars or 200g tobacco. Duty free shops are available in Egypt airports and major tourist cities (Cairo, Luxor, Hurghada, El Gouna and Sharm El Sheikh).

What time does the Pyramid open?

Giza Pyramids and most monuments and Museums in Egypt open between 8 Am to 5 Pm. During Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, be aware that these hours will change significantly.

What are the opening hours for shops in Egypt?

Shops and stores in Egypt are usually opened from 10 Am to 10 Pm however in major cities it opens much later and some are open 24 hours.

Can non Muslim go inside mosque in Egypt?

Visitors are welcome in most mosques throughout the year. Modest dress is recommended, women should cover their hair, arms and legs. Both Women and men will remove their shoes before entering.

Can you take pictures in Egypt?

Taking pictures for people and streets is fine after people permission While Taking pictures for official type or army structures is not permitted. In most historical sites and museums in Egypt it is allowed to use camera,  some of them may charge you for camera but at the Egyptian Museum and some similar historical sites it is prohibited and you will be asked to leave camera at reception before entering.

What type of hotels are there in Egypt? check-in time?

Egypt enjoys big hotel variety from world class luxury to simple hostel accommodations; Check in time in most hotels in Egypt is around midday, 12 or 1 PM.

Do you need any vaccinations to go to Egypt?

There in no health concerns or vaccinations required to visit Egypt but we recommend to check with your own doctor, he knows you and your medical history best.

What currency is used in Egypt?

The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (LE), it is about ,06 to USD. Money exchange is widely available, Credit cards are largely used in Egypt major cities and tourist spots.

How to get around in Egypt?

We do not recommend the public buses in big cities. Taxi and limousine service are fine every where but price is negotiable. Trains go to all big cities in Egypt except Sinai and the Red Sea. Flights from / to tourist cities are always available.

How much to tip in Egypt?

Tipping in Egypt is an appreciated habitual attitude but is Not obligatory. Generally 5 to 10 EGP for small favors is fine for carrying luggage, parking a car or to guys who clean bathrooms. 10 % is fine in restaurant and spa. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver should be considered if you're provided with good to great service, feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.



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