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Al Fayoum

Al Fayoum Egypt | Al Fayoum Oasis Egypt | Al Fayyum Egypt Facts


Al Fayoum Overview

The Fayoum is a wonderful area of Egypt with a rich and interesting history. El Fayum is one of the governors in the north-west of Egypt about 90 km from Cairo. Wadi El Hitan, Maidum Pyramid, Tunis Village, Gabal El Medawara, Wadi El Rayan, Lake Qaroun are the most popular attractions in the city.

El Fayum is renowned for its fertile land, fascinating tourist attractions that date back to ancient Egyptian time and its great history. The name of "El Fayum" comes from the Coptic word 'Phiom' , which means lake or sea since it was enclosing a sea in the Prehistoric period. Ptolemy II (Philadelophos) gave El Fayoum the name 'Philadelphia' .

El Fauoum is also renowned for its Fayimian and Meorian Cultures that date back to the 5500 to 4000 BC. People of these cultures were sedentary and knew methods of agriculture and pottery making. With the climatic changes, around 4000 BC people began to abandon Fayoum and migrate to the Nile Valley, getting in contact with the people of Maadi Culture.

However, El Fayoum remained a savage site for hunting and extracting mining salts. This is why it hosts many interesting monuments like the pyramids of  Hawara, Lahun, and Lisht, the ancient city of Karanis, Madinet Madi, and the protected area of Wadi Al Rayan.

Although the Fayoum hosts many monuments, including a number of unique pyramids, that were established starting from the reign of the Pharos and ending with the period of the Ottomans, a great number of tourists miss it and do not have the chance to visit it.

Today the Oasis, with its lakes and sanctuaries, pristine desert areas (which includes fossil remains of world importance such as Wadi El-rayan and the valley of the whales and various cultural sites, plus the rural quietude, forms an amazing and unique site of adventure, and beautiful scenery. Qasr Qarun, Qaitbay Mosque, Hanging Mosque,  Lahun Pyramids, Hawara, Wadi Rayan.

Wadi Elrayan, the largest waterfalls in Egypt, around 50 km (31 mi) from the city. The Obelisk of Senusret: It consists of a tall bar of granite that is 13 meters long and it has a round shape top. The obelisk contains a hall to install a crown or a statue of the king.

Al Fayoum Similar to the Oasis, where the desert is surrounded on all sides except the point of contact with the Nile. the desert representing 62% of its area is rich in flora , formations of geological , mountains , desert , eyes natural , birds , animals rare wildlife .

Fayoum oasis is an important Eco tourism site in Egypt for bird watching fans and scientists. It is also a common weekend destination for Egyptian families especially who live in Cairo. It is just hour and half drive by car and offers a perfect weekend visit with its amazing nature varies between the national parks, waterfalls, lake, green fields and desert.

Tour operators and travel agents run a full day guided tour to El Fayoum for tourists and expats living in Cairo. Tours are commonly go to Wadi El rayan, Qaroon Lake and Wadi Hitan "Whales Valley" with national park tickets, lunch and return transfers included.

Al Fayoum Tours

  • Cairo to Aswan Cruise

    Book MS Darakum Nile River Cruise Cairo to Aswan. Long Nile Cruise Cairo to Aswan. Luxury Cairo to Aswan Cruise Itinerary Onboard Movenpick Ms Darakum Nile Cruise Ship. Give Yourself Unforgettable Journey Along the Nile Cruising Through 7,000 Years of History.

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  • Aswan to Cairo Cruise

    Book MS Darakum Nile River Cruise Aswan to Cairo. Long Nile Cruise Aswan to Cairo. Luxury Aswan to Cairo Cruise Itinerary Onboard Movenpick Ms Darakum Nile Cruise, One of The Largest and Luxurious River Nile Cruises Aswan to Cairo Cruise Ships with Various Activities.

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  • Cairo to Luxor Cruise

    Book Darakum Nile River Cruise Cairo to Luxor. Long Nile Cruise Cairo to Luxor. Luxury Cairo to Lxuor Cruise Itinerary Onboard Movenpick Ms Darakum Nile Cruise Boat. Give Yourself Ever Lasting Memories Sailing the Nile With Deluxe Nile River Cruise From Cairo to Luxor.

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  • Luxor to Cairo Cruise

    Book Darakum Nile River Cruise Luxor to Cairo. Long Nile Cruise Luxor to Cairo. Luxury Luxor to Cairo Cruise Itinerary Onboard Movenpick Ms Darakum Nile Cruise. MS Darakum Luxury Nile Cruise Offers Unique Experience Cruising Up the Nile Through 7,000 Years of History.

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  • Day Trip to El Fayoum Oasis From Cairo

    Book El Fayoum Day Tour From Cairo. Escorted Fayoum Trips to Fayoum Waterwheels, Qaroon Lake and Wadi Al Rayan in Private Day Trip to El Fayoum Oasis From Cairo. Fayoum Oasis is one of Many Egypt Attractions and Landmarks to Explore From Cairo.

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Related to Al Fayoum

  • Wadi El Rayan

    42km protected area below sea level & 65 km southwest Faiyum city about 2 hours drive from the Western Desert. Wadi El Rayyan national reserve covers an area of 1759 km2 and designated a national park in 2005. Consists of 2 man made lakes joint by channel and waterfall.

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  • Wadi Hitan Park

    Whales Valley is 60 km south of Wadi EL Rayan in Fayoum oasis 150 km from Cairo. Wadi Hitan is an open air museum dates back to 45 million years, discovered in 1936, announced in 2005 by UNESCO as world heritage site.

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  • Al Minya

    Ikhnaton capital 1390 BC, 245 km south of Cairo halfway between Cairo and Luxor. El Minya covers an area of 32,279 sq with 4 million population. Named after King Khufu (the nursing city of Khufu), home to various archeological sites like Beni Hasaan & Tel Amarana.

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  • Beni Hasan

    Egyptian archaeological site carved into limestone tombs 20 Km south of El Minya, 245 Km south of Cairo Egypt. It consists of 39 tombs with daily life scenes for the military ‎leaders and local rulers of the XII dynasty Middle Kingdom between 2055 until 1650 BC.

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  • Tell El Amarna

    The Capital of Ikhnaton, 100 km on the east bank of the Nile north of Asyut in Upper Egypt. Built 1348 BC by Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) to be his capital and devoted to god Aton. Horizion of Aton was the name given to the city.

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  • Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea, (Sea of Salt) or the (Sea of the Arabah), this inland body of water is appropriately named because its high mineral content allows nothing to live in its waters. It is called the Dead Sea because its salinity prevents the existence of any life forms in the lake.

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  • Pompey Pillar

    Pompey Pillar is the biggest memorial column in Egypt. Whilst called (Pompey’s Pillar), this 25 meter tall structure, completed in 292 AD, was actually dedicated to the Emperor Diocletian. It is made of red granite, quarried and transported from Aswan in Upper Egypt.

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  • Qaitbay Citadel

    The Citadel of Qaitbay ‎is a 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean Sea coast in Alexandria Egypt. The Castle of Qaitbay, also known as (Quaitbay Citadel) is very impressive defensive stronghold in both its size and design.

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  • Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa

    Alexandria's catacombs, known as Kom el Shoqafa, are short distance southwest of the Pompey pillar in Alexandria Egypt. The Catacombs means underground tunnels, it is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the middle Ages.

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  • Abu Simbel Temples

    Abu Simbel, site of two temples built by the king Ramses II, located in Aswān Egypt. It is generally considered the grandest of temples commissioned during the reign of Rameses II, one of the most beautiful and among the most interesting Pharaonic Temples.

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  • Amada Temple

    Amada Temple in Nubia, though small, contains some important historical inscriptions and is also significant as the oldest of the Lake Nasser temples. It was built on the orders of Tuthmosis III and his son, Amenhotep II during Egypt's New Kingdom 18th Dynasty.

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  • Aswan Egypt

    Aswan is a city of special magic of its own. Located at the southernmost point of the Nile Valley, Aswan has served as the southern gateway of Egypt for many years.

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  • Qasr Ibrim

    Qasr Ibrim is an archaeological site in Lower Nubia. Kasr Ibrim was named after the ancient citadel on Lake Nasser. It is the only major archaeological site in Lower Nubia both prior to and after the Nile floods, it has remained a major site for archaeological investigations.

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  • Philae Temple

    One of the main sites visited by almost every tour to Egypt, Philae is actually a nonexistent island now buried beneath Lake Nasser and the previous site of an Ancient Egyptian temple complex in southern Egypt.

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  • Dakka Temple

    The temple of Dakka, dedicated to Thoth of the Sycamore Fig, was originally located about 100 kilometers south of the Aswan High Dam in what we refer to today as Nubia, though much of that ancient land is covered by Lake Nasser.

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