Luxor City Facts
Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of the god.
Although the pyramid-building days were long past, the Waset Pharaohs excelled in building and left a legacy of statues, tombs and enormous temples. Amon-Ra. Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city.
Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing a large part towards the economy for the modern city. The main god of the city was Amon, who was worshipped together with his wife, the Goddess Mut, and their son Khonsu, the God of the moon.
With the rise of Thebes as the foremost city of Egypt, the local god Amon rose in importance as well and became linked to the sun god Ra, thus creating the new 'king of gods' Amon-Ra. His great temple, at Karnak just north of Thebes, was the most important temple of Egypt right until the end of antiquity. Nowadays, Luxor is a major destination for tourists coming to see the ancient remains and monuments.
Luxor today is a city of some 150,000 people and is governed by special statutes that allow it more autonomy than other political areas of Egypt. One thing you might notice is that various government and other buildings conform to an 'ancient' building code.
All of this occurred after the Egyptianization of the modern town resulting mostly from the mania that resulted from Howard Carter's discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamun. As one might think, the city has all the amenities tourists might expect, including a variety of hotels, bars, nightclubs and restaurants.
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